England and the United States: a meeting that brings many stories off the field

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The teams face off this Friday (25th) for the second round of the Cup. But, off the field, they are marked by successive economic and historical changes




England and the United States face off in the second round of Group B’s world Cup this Friday (25th), at 16:00 (Brasilia time), at the Al Bayt stadium. However, this meeting of countries saves stories of a relationship that is relevant in other fields and helps dictate the directions of the West.

NATION THAT ‘BORN’ ON 4 JULY

England’s maritime expansion led her to land in North America in 1607, in Virginia. During the 17th century Great Britain (formed by England and Scotland) extended its dominion and began to administer the Thirteen North American Colonies.

However, the fact that England decided to raise taxes caused the dissatisfaction of the colonists. There were provisions such as the Sugar Act, the Currency Act, and the Stamp Act. The reactions sparked the proclamation of independence from the United States on July 4, 1776. The British recognized it in 1783.

The professor of international relations at the UEJ, Paulo Velasco, explained in detail that the relations between the Americans and the British have been adjusted over time.

– There are moments of tension at the end of the 18th century, as we have the context of the struggle for independence of the Thirteen Colonies from the British, in the place that later became the United States. But, after the period of tensions and wars, there has been a general trend towards convergence,” he told the TO THROW!πŸ‡§πŸ‡·

Velasco stressed that Americans quickly showed themselves capable of growth in the eyes of the world.

– At the end of the 19th century, the United States already considered itself a great power. Of course, with prominence especially in the American continent and maintaining an important relationship with London – he said.

In his eyes, there is a new change of scenery at the beginning of the 20th century.

– The most striking moment was perhaps the belated entry into the First World War, but it was decisive precisely to help the European allies. Especially the British and the French in the fight against the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire and the already unified Germany, he said.

AMERICAN STEERING



George Marshall, creator of the economic plan that helped the United States rebuild allied countries of Europe during World War II (Play/Youtube Lion Hearts FilmWorks)

World War II became crucial for England and the United States to see a change in their respective values ​​in the eyes of the world. Americans help Britain and France fight Nazi fascism. The post-war period was definitive.

– It’s a leadership reversal. The Western bloc now has an important pillar in the United States, also in the financial sphere. The pound is replaced as the reference currency by the dollar. There is a handover of this Western leadership from London to Washington. Up until then, the UK had maintained great prominence in the West, even in the face of US strength. Since the Second World War, the Americans have become protagonists and the United Kingdom has positioned itself as a faithful squire – said the professor of International Relations at the UEJ, recalling:

– There is this perception already in the creation of NATO, in 1949. Europe is strongly affected by this “Atlantic” relationship, as they say, between London and Washington. Europeans have a certain jealousy. that’s why Charles de Gaulle’s France in the 60s banned the United Kingdom from joining the European Economic Community (in fact it was the European Common Market in 1958, similar in format to the current European Union) Velasco said.

The proximity between the countries has also contributed to the West taking certain political and economic directions.

– The relationship continued to converge in the governments of Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher, who took a more neoliberal stance. For example, the UK has supported controversial moments, such as the invasion of Iraq. It is clear that there is one or the other disagreement, but today they are on time – said Paulo Velasco.

THE CHANGE OF ECONOMIC ASPECT



Pound and dollar: the values ​​at stake (Chris Ratcliffe/AFP - AFP

The meeting between England and the United States also brings into play two of the economies that stand out as business references all over the world.

– People think of the 19th century and remember the UK. After all, what anchored the world was Libra. It was about the currency which was a source of stability, reliability for states. At the end of World War II, it evidently becomes the dollar and the multilateral trading system, called GATT, is created. (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) in 1947, which is the predecessor of the WTO (World Trade Organization, 1995)πŸ‡§πŸ‡· The natural passage of witness of the reference currency thanks to the Bretton Woods agreements – underlines Velasco.

On the field, England and the United States match forces with other ambitions. The English try to qualify for the round of 16 and win again. The Americans are finally trying to demonstrate that they can consolidate themselves in football.

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Source: Terra

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