Know the benefits it provides to the body and recommendations for consumption
The human body is made up of 70% water. As we eliminate this fluid through urine, feces, sweat, breathing, and other means, we need to ingest more water to balance the normal amount circulating through the body.
According to nutritionist Joana Lucyk, water is important for various bodily functions to function. “The maintenance of homeostasis, which is the promotion of the environment in which biochemical and metabolic processes occur; the lubrication of tissues with joints and serosa; composition of digestive, respiratory and excretory fluids; maintenance of body temperature and gas transport, nutrients and the metabolites are the main functions performed by the water,” he lists.
Essential for the exchange of nutrients and wastes
The nutritionist also explains that the exchange of nutrients and waste products between blood and tissues takes place through an extension of capillaries, equal to about 700 m². “Exchanges require the presence of water, as the noble medium in which cells perform their functions,” he explains.
“The permanence of water in the different compartments of the body depends, in turn, on the presence of an adequate amount of different electrolytes, such as soccermagnesium, sodium, potassium, chlorides and phosphorus”, adds the nutritionist.
Adequate amount of water
Just as the body makes us hungry so we provide food, also gives us the sensation of thirst, making us look for water or some other liquid that contains it to satiate us. The important thing is to pay attention to the signals to keep your balance.
To assess whether we are ingesting the necessary amount of water, just look at the color of the urine, which should always be clear, advises nutritionist Gabriela Taveiros. “Also, proper hydration ensures nails, skin and prettier hairif healthy”.
types of water
Normally we can find three different types of water on the market: mineral, which is underground; purified salt water, which is artificially treated tap water; and natural, which is similar to the mineral, but does not have the same properties.
“Mineral water is potable, rich in minerals, which give it a therapeutic quality, and is fit for human consumption. Tap water is not fit for human consumption, even though it has been treated to make it drinkable. In developed countries, such as OR the treatment is very safe, this water is often bottled and consumed by individuals. The natural one, on the other hand, may or may not be drinkable, depending on whether it is contaminated or not,” explains Joana Lucyk.
According to nutritionist Gabriela Taveiros, to ensure the quality of the water, it must pass through treatment stations where it will undergo various processes. “In essence, the treatment involves the following steps: decanting, filtration and chlorination,” she lists.
Does water have an expiration date?
Joana Lucyk explains that water, when found in nature, does not have an expiration date at its origin, but from the moment it is bottled, it does. “Shelf life varies depending on the type of material used for packaging,” she clarifies.
Recommendations for transport and trade
The National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa) defines the rules for the transport and trade of water. Vehicles and storage places should be clean and covered to avoid sunlight or rain moisture. If these rules are not respected, the water quality can be compromised, favoring the proliferation of algae and microorganisms which can cause malaise, diarrhea and vomiting.
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